What is Endometriosis

Endometrium is the tissue that lines the uterus (the womb). During the menstrual cycle the thickness of the endometrium increases in readiness for the fertilised egg. If pregnancy does not occur the lining is shed as a ‘period’.

Endometriosis is a condition where the cells that are normally found lining the uterus are also found in other areas of the body but usually within the pelvis. Each month this tissue outside of the uterus, under normal hormonal control, is built up and then breaks down and bleeds in the same way as the lining of the uterus. This internal bleeding into the pelvis, unlike a period, has no way of leaving the body. This leads to inflammation, pain and the formation of scar tissue.

Endometrial tissue can also be found in the ovary where it can form cysts, called 'chocolate' cysts. Endometrial deposits can also be found less often in more remote sites than the pelvis. Endometriosis can be found in or on the bowel, in or on the bladder, in operation scars and extremely rarely even in the lungs. It is also possible to have endometrial tissue that grows in the muscle layer of the wall of the uterus. This is called adenomyosis. Each month this tissue within the muscle wall bleeds in the same way as the endometrial tissue in the pelvis bleeds. Adenomyosis can also be found in the muscle layer of the perineum - in the pouch of Douglas or cul de sac. It has to be clear that endometriosis is not an infection, is not contagious and is not cancer.

Return
  • Published: 23-10-2017
  • Tags:

Receive, an evidence based medical approach to your gynecological health...

Schedule
your appointment

* Required

Σε περίπτωση εγκυμοσύνης παρακαλούμε συμπληρώστε την πρώτη μέρα της τελευταίας περιόδου και στείλτε μύνημα αν πρόκειται για δίδυμη κύηση.

  • Due date & Gestational age based on period

    Due date & Gestational age based on period

    Due Date Calculator based on Last Menstrual Period (LMP).
    Enter the first day of your Last Menstrual Period and the length of your cycle in order to estimate your Due Date and the gestational age at present. Note, all dates given are estimates; We will give you a more accurate indication of your due date when you have your 7-10 week ultrasound scan.

    Enter first day of last menstrual period:

    Length of menstrual period cycle:

  • Gestational Age based on Due Date

    Gestational Age based on Due Date

    Gestational Age based on the Due Date
    If you know you'\re due date, you can calculate how many weeks of pregnancy you have completed so far.

    Enter your due date:

  • Fertility calculator

    Fertility calculator

    Enter the date of your last menstrual period and the length of your cycle to show the period at which you are most fertile.

    Date of your first day of your last menstrual period:

    Ferility Window:

  • Location

    Venus Med

    If you do not know the location and how to get to our office, you can find your way by using Google Maps services.

  • Send us a Message

    * Required
  • Latest News

    • EU Recommends Approval of Gardasil…

      The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has recommended approval for the…

      Read More
  • CMS
  • 2.2.5
  • Professional