What is Cystic Fibrosis?

Cystic Fibrosis is the most common inherited disorder of the white race which lead to death at a young age. Cystic fibrosis is not a contagious disease, but inherited. The individuals who suffer from this disorder have two abnormal genes which are inherited from both parents who are carriers of the disease without most times knowing it. In Greece today the carriers of the abnormal gene that causes Cystic Fibrosis are estimated at 1 in 30 (4-5% of total population).

If two carriers of the disease marry, the risk of delivering a child with Cystic Fibrosis is 1 in 4. Every year in Greece it is estimated that one affected child in 2000-2500 births is born! For this reason it is now necessary to genetically test couples for Cystic Fibrosis to couples who plan to have children.

The main feature of the disease is the production of highly dense mucus which blocks the various organs and ducts of the body, especially the lungs and pancreas, resulting in heavy pancreatic insufficiency from a very young age and the occurrence of severe chronic respiratory infections that gradually destroy the lungs and lead the patient to respiratory failure and death. The disease affects many other organs of the body such as the liver, leading to liver failure, sinuses leading to the evolution of polyps and sinusitis from a very young age. Additionally bones and joints are affected leading to rheumatoid arthritis, osteopenia and osteoporosis. The male genital system is also affected, leading to the majority of cases, fertility problems. The effect on the bowel leads to bowel obstruction. Because of pancreatic insufficiency, patients hardly put any weight on, and frequently they develop diabetes.

  • How the diagnosis is reached?
  • Prenatal testing
  • What is Cystic Fibrosis?
  • How is the disease transmitted?
    • Due date & Gestational age based on period

      Due date & Gestational age based on period

      Due Date Calculator based on Last Menstrual Period (LMP).
      Enter the first day of your Last Menstrual Period and the length of your cycle in order to estimate your Due Date and the gestational age at present.
      Note, all dates given are estimates; We will give you a more accurate indication of your due date when you have your 7-10 week ultrasound scan.

      Enter first day of last menstrual period:

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    • Gestational Age based on Due Date

      Gestational Age based on Due Date

      Gestational Age based on the Due Date
      If you know your due date, you can calculate how many weeks of pregnancy you have completed so far.

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    • Fertility calculator

      Fertility calculator

      Enter the date of your last menstrual period and the length of your cycle to show the period at which you are most fertile.

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