Cervical Cytology Test

What is a cervical smear?

A cervical cytology test is done in the doctor’s office during a regular pelvic exam. For the test, a speculum is placed in the vagina, and a sample of cells is taken from the outside of the cervix (or neck of the womb). These cells then are spread onto a glass slide and given to a lab for analysis (cervical smears or Pap tests) or they are collected to fluid filled bottles (liquid based cytology). This allows detection of pre-cancerous abnormalities of the cervix at an early stage when there is no sign of disease and treated successfully before cancer develops. It is not unusual sometimes smears to be reported as abnormal even though no abnormality exists on further examination. In extremely rare cases, smears may detect an abnormality in the presence of a cancer of the cervix. The cervical cytology test is a screening test which signal that more careful attention should be directed at the cervix (i.e. colposcopy examination) if there is significant abnormality or a minor abnormality persists.

How smear result are graded

Smears are graded with differing degrees of abnormality from a non specific ‘borderline’ change to mild, moderate and severe changes called dyskaryosis and these roughly equate to CIN 1, 2 and 3. Borderline change requires a colposcopy appointment (see what is colposcopy) only if the abnormality remains after repeat testing and usually after 2-3 such smears taken at 6 monthly intervals, because the risk of a pre-cancerous abnormality here is very small.The reason for this is that a lot of minor smear abnormalities go back to normal after several months. If the smear shows mild changes you may be referred to colposcopy clinic or asked to have another smear in 6 months and then referred to colposcopy clinic only if the abnormality persists. If the changes are more abnormal,l then referral is made without the need for a further smear.

  • Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia
  • Cervical Cytology Test
  • Colposcopy
  • Treatment for Cervical Dysplasia
    • Due date & Gestational age based on period

      Due date & Gestational age based on period

      Due Date Calculator based on Last Menstrual Period (LMP).
      Enter the first day of your Last Menstrual Period and the length of your cycle in order to estimate your Due Date and the gestational age at present.
      Note, all dates given are estimates; We will give you a more accurate indication of your due date when you have your 7-10 week ultrasound scan.

      Enter first day of last menstrual period:

      Length of menstrual period cycle:

    • Gestational Age based on Due Date

      Gestational Age based on Due Date

      Gestational Age based on the Due Date
      If you know your due date, you can calculate how many weeks of pregnancy you have completed so far.

      Enter your due date:

    • Fertility calculator

      Fertility calculator

      Enter the date of your last menstrual period and the length of your cycle to show the period at which you are most fertile.

      Date of your first day of your last menstrual period:

      Ferility Window: